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Docker is the best known and widely used container platform firstly released in March 2013. It is an open-source centralized platform used to easily create, deploy, as well as run applications. It provides various docking tools, plugins, and infrastructure components that allow developers to focuses on writing effective and efficient codes. It supports various cloud platforms and operating systems such as Linux, Windows, Microsoft Azure, macOS, Amazon Web Services (AWS) to run applications.
It includes various components such as Docker client, Docker server, Docker machine, Docker hub, and Docker composes.
Pros of Docker
A list of Pros of Docker is given below -
Cons of Docker
There are the following Cons of Docker -
Docker gets a lot of popularity, but Docker is not always a good container option out there. In this page, we will discuss some other Docker alternatives that work similar to Docker and remove its possible drawbacks.
Popular Docker Alternatives
A list of the most popular Docker Alternatives is given below -
1. Virtual Box
Virtual Box is one of the best Docker alternatives and a part of business-oriented computing. It is created by Innotek GmbH on 17 January 2007 and purchased by Sun Microsystems. On 27 January 2010 acquired by Oracle Corporation. It provides a simple, powerful, general-purpose virtualization solution that allows developers to easily set up, create, and run applications on different platforms (any standard X86 OS). We can run VMs on various operating systems such as Windows, Linux, macOS, Solaris, FreeBSD, Novell Netware, and more.
Pros of Virtual Box
Cons of Virtual Box
2. LXC Linux Container
LXC Linux Container is an older, free, open-source, well-known, low-level container management tool that runs on the isolated workloads. It is written in the Go language. It uses the Unix process model with no central daemon. LXC Linux Container allows us to run more than one process in LXC container, whereas Docker allows us to run a single process in each container. LXC Linux Container includes LXC, LXD, LXFUSE components that allow us to manage containers, images, as well as file systems.
Pros of LXC Linux Container
A list of Pros of LXC Linux Container is given below -
Cons of LXC Linux Container
There are the following cons of LXC Linux Container -
Podman (short for Pod Manager) is one of the best, well-known, and commonly used Docker alternatives. It is an open-source daemon less container engine developed by RedHat engineer Dan Walsh in February 2018. It provides various high-performance enterprise solutions to manage containers, pods (a group of containers deployed together on the same host), as well as container images on Linux System. It uses Open Containers Initiative (OCI) containers to easily run, share, find, and deploy applications.
Pros of Podman
Pros of Podman is as follows -
Cons of Podman
4. Windows Hyper-V Containers
Windows Hyper-V container is a lightweight alternative to Docker. It is a free, user-friendly, small, lightweight, and standalone container that allows us to create and run multiple containers on a host machine. Hyper-V containers are compatible with various platforms such as Docker, Kubernetes, Windows as well as Linux platforms.
Pros of Windows Hyper-V Containers
There are the following Pros of Windows Hyper-V Containers -
Cons of Windows Hyper-V Containers
Kubernetes (also known as K8s or Kube) is a popular, extensible, open-source, portable, easy-to-learn software container used to manage, deploy, and scale containerized applications. It is developed by a team at Google. Various popular companies such as SAP, Yahoo, Yahoo, Black Rock, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Pokemon Go, Philips, Zulily, and Huawei uses Kubernetes software.
Pros of Kubernetes
A list of Pros of Kubernetes is given below -
Cons of Kubernetes
Rkt (also known as CoreOS Rocket) is one of the best and most popular Docker alternatives presented in December 2014. It is an open-source container that offers better security. It supports the Go programming language. It also supports two types of images Docker and appc. Rkt allows cryptographic signature checks on downloaded images so that only trusted containers can be run to the server.
Pros of rkt
There are the following Pros of rkt -
Cons of rkt
Contained is a daemon that acts as an interface between the container engine and container runtimes. It is used by Linux as well Windows platform. It supports OCI images. It uses an abstraction layer that allows us to easily manage container lifecycles, such as container execution, image transfer, certain storage operations, and simple API requests.
Pros of Contained
A list of Pros of Contained is given below -
Cons of Contained
It provides only a container interface.
Vagrant is an open-source tool designed to build, support virtual environments for software development. It uses a simple, open-source, and easy-to-use command line for managing environments. It is written in Ruby. It provides an easy to use a workflow that mainly focuses on automation.
Pros of Vagrant
A list of Pros of Vagrant is given below -
Cons of Vagrant
Rancher is one of the best Docker alternatives. It is an open-source complete software platform that allows organizations to run containers in production. It also allows us to deploy and manage multiple Kubernetes clusters. Rancher contains mainly four components that are - Infrastructure orchestration, Container orchestration and scheduling, application catalog, as well as enterprise-grade control. Rancher easily integrates with other infrastructure tools such as CI/CD tools, code repositories, user management, and monitoring.
Pros of Rancher
A list of Pros of Rancher is given below -
Cons of Rancher
There are the following Cons of Rancher -
OpenVZ is an open-source, container-based virtualization platform released in 2005. It allows us to run multiple virtual private servers and environments on a single Linux operating system. It provides a wide range of dynamic resource management, including memory usage, CPU usage, number of processes, disk space usage, CPU usage, and more. It requires both hosts as well as guest OS.
Pros of OpenVZ
A list of Pros of OpenVZ is given below -
Cons of OpenVZ
There are the following Cons of OpenVZ -
11. Apache Mesos
Apache Mesos is a commonly used Docker alternative. It is developed at the University of California at Berkeley. Apache Mesos is a free, open-source cluster manager that distributes efficient resources across the applications as well as databases. Some popular frameworks, including Hadoop, Ruby on Rails, Storm, Jboss, Data Grid, MPI, Spark, and Node.js, run on Mesos. Apache Mesos support CPU, memory, I/O, file system, disk, GPU, and other modules for custom resource isolation. Large Companies like Twitter, Apple, Airbnb, and Xogito use Apache Mesos.
Pros of Apache Mesos
A list of Pros of Apache Mesos is given below -
Cons of Apache Mesos
There are the following cons of Apache Mesos -
runC is a widely used Docker alternative. It is a lightweight, open-source, standardized, portable, interoperable OS container. It helps us to improve the portability of containers. It can work both as a part of Docker and without Docker in other container systems. It does have a concept of images like Podman or Docker.
Pros of runC
A list of Pros of runC is given below -
Cons of runC
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